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Welfare Systems and Policies

Socio-political spheres and welfare redistribution.

This research area focuses on the analysis of the economic measures taken by the public sector, the private and non profit enterprises that are concerned with the physical, social and economic welfare of citizens.

Social welfare is based on rules and procedures adopted in each country by social actors (as the market, the third sector, governments, families and informal networks) in order to produce and distribute well-being services to citizens. Moreover it is based on all that principles used by the political sphere to regulate all these relationships.

Recently some social phenomena caused the crisis of welfare models. Economic globalization, demographic changes, new immigration waves and new forms of poverty, contemporary employment schemes and lifestyles are among the main causes.

The Social Economy and Civil Society IRT focuses on social policies from a multidisciplinary approach covering several areas such as income-support measures, health care, social care, housing, labour market and environmental policies.

  • Macroeconomics and social effects
  • Governance of social policies; social policies against social exclusion
  • Third sector, social enterprises, civil society and new welfare
  • Community citizenship, principle of subsidiarity, relational goods, social economy
  • School policy and labour market
  • Welfare systems as social institutions
  • Planning of personal services
  • Indicators of synthesis of the social phenomena analysis
  • Demographic, social, educational, environmental phenomena
  • Crisis tendencies of the mature capitalism
  • Group psychodynamics: individuals and community approach
  • Group economy
  • Microcredit: description, efficiency evaluation, the Grameen model and other models